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What is oxycodone?

Oxycodone is a medicine used to treat moderate to severe pain. As it is an opioid analgesic it stops the pain signals from reaching the brain. These pain medicines should be taken in the initial stage of pain as it may not work properly if consumed later after the pain has worsened. This medication can be given to cancer patients to reduce the pain. It is also given to patients after surgery to minimize the pain. If used for a very long time then this medicine may stop working, contact your doctor if that happen

In what dosage and how should this medication be taken?

If you forget to take a  dose then take it when you remember. Children above the age of 1 month and onwards can use this medicine. Oxycodone pills start working within 30 to 60 minutes. Do not take the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take double doses to make up for the missed dose. Doses of this medicine vary from person to person. It depends on your age, gender, and severity of your medical condition. Usually, the normal tablet should be taken once every 4  to 6 hours whereas, the extended formula of this tablet should only be taken once every 12 hours. This medication can be taken with and without food. Swallow oxycodone with water, do not lick, chew, or crush it. It should not be snorted or bitten. Your doctor may give you low doses initially and gradually increase them.

Who should avoid using oxycodone and what should be avoided during its use?

If you have a history of any liver disease, lung disease, kidney disorder then you should avoid using oxycodone. If you have had an allergic reaction to any other opioid analgesic then you should avoid using this medicine or at least talk to your doctor before starting the treatment. This medication may react with medicine used for glaucoma, stomach surgery, seizure medicine, etc. if you have any kind of heart disease, thyroid problem, gall bladder disorder, Addison’s disease, low blood pressure, asthma, any mental illness, blockage in the stomach, or intestines then inform your doctor before starting the treatment. If you are pregnant or if you plan on becoming pregnant then inform your doctor beforehand as this medication can give life threatening diseases to the unborn. If you are a breastfeeding mother then you may want to avoid using this medicine as it can pass down through breastmilk and leave life-long effects on the baby. Operating heavy machinery or activities like driving which require you to be alert should be avoided during the use of oxycodone as it makes you drowsy. Grapefruit juice and other products should be avoided when using oxycodone as it may react with the medication. People who have a history of substance abuse (alcohol, drugs) should stay away from this medicine as it can be very addictive and they might end up abusing it.

How to store this medicine and what to do in case of overdose?

This medicine should be stored at room temperature in a dry place. It cannot be stored in a washroom and should also be kept away from direct heat and light. Keep this medicine away from the reach of children and pets. Symptoms of overdosing on oxycodone include weak muscles, difficulty in breathing, excessive sleepiness, shallow breathing, narrowing or widening of pupil, cold and clammy skin, and loss of consciousness. If you or anyone near you observe these symptoms hen medical attention should be sought immediately. If you use oxycodone then you should also have naloxone which cancels out the effect of oxycodone. In case of overdose, naloxone should be given to the patient till the medical help arrives. It can be taken every 2 to 3 minutes.

What are some side effects caused by oxycodone?

Some common side effects of this medicine include dry mouth, mood swings, flushing, headache, stomach pain, dizziness, and drowsiness. These are not common but some serious side effects caused by oxycodone are chest pain, irregular menstrual cycle, nausea, loss of coordination, diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, hallucinations, agitation, aggression, confusion, fever, excessive sweating, severe muscle stiffness, fluctuating heartbeat, difficulty in breathing, low energy levels, swallowing, shivering, tremors, hoarseness lightheadedness, infertility, and weakness. If these side effects get worse then contact your doctor. These are very rare but if you have hives, seizures, rashes, swelling of face, lips, mouth, eyes, or throat then it means you are having a severe allergic reaction to this medicine and you need medical help immediately. Another major side effect of this medicine is that as it is an opioid analgesic it can cause addiction. 

What are the withdrawal symptoms caused by this medication?

Do not stop using Oxycodone without your doctor’s prescription. Your doctor may decrease your dosage gradually as abruptly stopping the use of this medication can cause withdrawal symptoms. Some withdrawal symptoms of this medicine include weakness, behavioral changes, thoughts of suicide, fast heartbeat, fast breathing, irritability, pain in joints, muscles, anxiety, depression, issues in falling asleep, sleep apnea, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, yawning, loss of appetite, cramps, watery eyes, blurry vision, runny nose, excessive sweating, chills, and sneezing

Do not take this medication with any other painkiller which has codeine. Oxycodone is safe to use with aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen, etc. it is a common misconception that abusing prescription drugs is somehow less harmful than using illicit drugs, however, the truth is that they are equally harmful. Prescription drugs are abused the most because of their easy accessibility and availability. This is the reason why you should never use oxycodone without your doctor.s prescription.